I try not to think about how Gilead beat the US military because everytime I do it doesn't make sense. The big thing is that a modern military is very technology based, which means you need smart people running things. Gilead seems tobe pretty anti-intellectual, so how does that work whe you need to have educated people smart enough to work and maintain a submarine, or an aircraft carrier or a stealth jet? Especially if the military you are fighting has those things.
Also thinkinhpg of WWII you have the classic images of women going to work in factories to make up for the men fighting in war zones. Gilead has men fighting in war zones, plus a pretty amplified homeland police/security force to stop the resistance. And they don't let women work, so how exactly are they maintaining the kind of manufacturing you need for a war?
And lastly, google tells me that the US military is about 14% women. So considering there would be no women inthe Gilead military, how do they deal with the US having that advantage?