Yes. Here are a pair of recent articles on the Argentine WNT's struggles with their association (the "AFA"): BBC article and Guardian article. The lack of support, especially by such a well-funded association like the AFA, was a lot more egregious (though, sadly not surprising) than just not playing any recognized matches.*
Another team at this Women's World Cup, Jamaica, also had over two years of recent match inactivity (dropped from FIFA's rankings in June 2017 due to 18 months of inactivity, returned in June 2018).
*It's not unusual for senior women's national teams from smaller countries, e.g. most of the Caribbean nations in CONCACAF (the continental federation for North America, Central America, and the Caribbean), to only play in the qualification competitions for the Women's World Cup, which leads to three years of match inactivity for those teams. Other continental federations, namely UEFA (Europe), have larger and more comprehensive qualification tournaments, so the European senior and junior (U-20, U-17, et cetera) women's national teams are much more active.